oil rich countries (middle east) and renewable energy

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Job Description

A work about 2000 words to fulfill the following points :
1-why didn't oil rich countries adopt renewable energy.
2-what is the drives that motivates middle east countries to adopt renewable energy such as kuwait saudi arabia and UAE
2- what is tbe political pressure on these countries to apply renewable energy ? is it the environmental issues? Or cost effective?
Please alla the references must be attached.
Thank you